Minggu, Mei 20, 2018

Article in Press - Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)

Indo. J. Phar. Scie. Tech. Vol. 5, No. 2, 1-42 (2018).
https://doi.org/10.24198/ijpst.v5i3


Antioxidant Activity of Combination Ethanol Extract of Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma Domestica Val) and Ethanol Extract of Trengguli Bark (Cassia Fistula L) with DPPH Method
Triyono Triyono, Anis Yohana Chaerunisaa, Anas Subarnas
Abstrak
Turmeric rhizome (Curcuma domestica Val) and Trengguli bark (Cassia fistula L) contain antioxidant compounds which can be determined by 1,1-Diphenyl-2- Pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical inhibition method. This research was conducted to determine DPPH free radical inhibition by ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome, the ethanol extract of trengguli bark, and a combination of turmeric rhizome extract – trengguli bark extract (1:1,5) with ascorbic acid as a comparison. Identification of secondary metabolite classes is performed by phytochemical screening. Antioxidant activity was performed by inhibition of free radical color of DPPH using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The study showed IC50 value of ascorbic acid, as a comparasion, is 3,14 μg/mL. While ethanol extract of trengguli bark has the best antioxidant activity with IC50 value 10,98 μg/mL compare to combination ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome – trengguli bark (1 :1,5) and ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome with IC50 value is 13,70 μg/mL and 41,95 μg/mL, respectively.
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Effect of Fermentation Time and Cassava Varieties on Water Content and the Yield of Starch from Modified Cassava Flour (MOCAF)
Nurud Diniyah, Achmad Subagio, Riri Nur Lutfian Sari, Pradiska Gita Vindy, Alif Ain
Abstrak
MOCAF (modified cassava flour) is a high potential food product. This product can be used to replace wheat flour in the manufacture of various food products. However, there is no characterization of starch properties of MOCAF. The efforts to improve the quality of starch from cassava starch by fermentation process using a combination of enzymes and microbes from Lactic acid bacteria.The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of fermentation time to yield and moisture content. Single factor randomized block design with 3 (three) levels i.e fermentation time (0, 12, and 24 hours) with two group namely varieties of cassava Cimanggu and Kaspro. Cimanggu and Kaspro cassava varieties were used to compare the properties of starch due to different fermentation time (0, 12 and 24 hours) with triplicate. The results showed the yield and moisture content were affected by fermentation time. Average moisture content ranged from 13.3 to 13.8% with the starch yield is 38-59%. Application of starch MOCAF can be used for food, cosmetics, and medicines industry.

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Abstrak
MOCAF (modified cassava flour) is a high potential food product. This product can be used to replace wheat flour in the manufacture of various food products. However, there is no characterization of starch properties of MOCAF. The efforts to improve the quality of starch from cassava starch by fermentation process using a combination of enzymes and microbes from Lactic acid bacteria.The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of fermentation time to yield and moisture content. Single factor randomized block design with 3 (three) levels i.e fermentation time (0, 12, and 24 hours) with two group namely varieties of cassava Cimanggu and Kaspro. Cimanggu and Kaspro cassava varieties were used to compare the properties of starch due to different fermentation time (0, 12 and 24 hours) with triplicate. The results showed the yield and moisture content were affected by fermentation time. Average moisture content ranged from 13.3 to 13.8% with the starch yield is 38-59%. Application of starch MOCAF can be used for food, cosmetics, and medicines industry.

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Isolation and Phisicochemical Characterization of Microcristalline Cellulose from Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L. Gaud) Based on Pharmaceutical Grade Quality
Desy Nawangsari, Anis Yohana Chaerunisaa, Marline Abdassah, Sriwidodo Sriwidodo, Taofik Rusdiana, Linda Apriyanti
Abstrak
Microcrystalline cellulose is the most used material for medicine, which able to be found in fibrous plants. Microcrystal celluloses are being used as filler or binder in dosage formulas in tablets and capsules. This research aimed to produce microcrystalline cellulose from ramie based on pharmaceutical grade parameters. Research method include hemp fiber preparation, α-cellulose isolation, microcrystalline cellulose production, and microcrystalline cellulose characterization which compare with Avicel® PH 102 . Result shown microcrystalline cellulose yield is 57.26%. The result of physicochemical characterization that can comply the specifications of pharmaceutical grade as a pharmaceutical excipient.

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